Eczema: What it is, Causes and Treatment

Eczema: What it is, Causes and Treatment

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a skin condition that affects children and adults, making the skin pale red and itchy.

It may sometimes be accompanied by hay fever or asthma. It flares periodically, but self-care measures and treatments can help prevent fresh outbreaks and relieve itching.

New outbreaks can be prevented when you moisturize your skin, avoid harsh soaps and apply medicated ointments or creams regularly.

When eczema affects you, it can flare up, subside and flare up again. It can affect any part of your body, but the common body parts it affects include the inner elbows, arms, cheeks, scalp, or back of the knees. It is not contagious and gets less severe as you age.

Types of Eczema

Eczema comes in different types. The most common one is atopic dermatitis - the chronic type of eczema - usually characterized by a dry, red rash that itches. Other types of eczema include:

Contact dermatitis

It usually occurs when you come in contact with irritants. It leads to itching, burning, and redness. As soon as the irritant is removed, the inflammation stops.

Dyshidrotic dermatitis

It mostly affects women, and it results in itchy, scaly patches on the skin that becomes cracked, flaked, red, and painful. This type of eczema affects the palms, fingers, soles of your feet, and hands.

Nummular dermatitis

This type of eczema causes dry, round patches around the skin, especially the legs. It mostly occurs during winter, and it's more common in men.

Symptoms

The major symptoms of eczema include:

Itchiness

Dryness

Coughing

Inflammation

Irritation

Roughness of the skin

Flakiness

Other symptoms include:

Intense Itching

Crusty patches of dry ooze

Small bumps that release fluid while scratching

Brownish-gray or red patches

 

Although eczema can be quite uncomfortable and itchy, avoid scratching it to prevent further irritation that may cause skin inflammation. This can result in infections.

What Causes Eczema?

The primary cause of eczema has not been fully established. However, the condition is believed to be triggered by the aggressive response of the overactive immune system when exposed to irritation. Sometimes, the condition can also be caused by the wrong response of body proteins. Ideally, the immune system works by ignoring proteins that are part of our body while it attacks only the ones that invade our bodies in the form of viruses and bacteria.

Eczema occurs because the immune system is not able to differentiate between the two proteins, resulting in inflammation.

Common causes of eczema flare-ups include the following:

Sweating

Changes in temperature

Synthetic fabrics

Animal dander

Rough materials like synthetic fabrics and wool

Food allergies

Stress

Upper respiratory infections

Animal dander

 

How to Treat Eczema

A dermatologist, primary care doctor, or allergist can help you determine the right treatment for eczema. Different types of treatment options are available, including medical, home remedies, and lifestyle changes. Combining two or more treatments may also be helpful.

How to Prevent Eczema

You can prevent eczema by:

Reducing stress

Getting better sleep

Avoiding irritants

Keeping your skin moisturized

Avoiding harsh soap and detergents on the skin

Rubbing the affected areas when it itches

Not scratching the skin to prevent it from breaking and more inflammation

Eczema can be controlled but does eczema go away? There is no known cure for eczema, and the rashes won't simply go away if left untreated. For most people, eczema is a chronic condition that requires careful avoidance of triggers to help prevent flare-ups.

Many of our Glow Beauties have found that our Original Wake Up & Glow oil helps with eczema flare ups. Some use our oil along with a prescribed medication.

Stay tuned for a NEW DROP - Prickly Pear Eczema Relief cream. An affordable natural based cream you can use on flare ups from head to toe (all ages) can be used on its on or with our Prickly Pear oil (Wake Up & Glow )

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1 comment

  • Can’t wait for this product! Hoping it will bring me itch relief.

    RKBN

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